Lead Poisoning Prevention
What is lead?
Lead is a toxic heavy metal that can cause serious health problems particularly in young children and pregnant women. Lead can be harmful if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed into the body.
Why is lead harmful?
Lead is dangerous to everyone, but children six and under are at the greatest risk because lead can:
- Slow a child's growth and development
- Cause behavior and learning problems
- Cause hearing and speech problems
At high levels, lead exposure may cause problems with the kidneys and development of red blood cells, and may lead to seizures and death. However, most children have no symptoms when they are exposed to lead.
How can my child be exposed to lead?
There are many ways a child can be exposed to lead. Lead can be found in:
- Flaking or peeling lead-based paint in homes built before 1978
- Lead dust from flaking or peeling lead-based paint that lands on window sills, floors and toys
- Plumbing pipes that corrode and leach into water in homes build or plumbed before 1985
- Soil around homes and buildings if exterior lead-based paint flakes or peels
- Ceramic pottery from other countries, especially Latin America, China and India
- Imported herbal medicines from the Middle East, Latin America, India and China
- Imported candy and spices from Mexico, the Middle East, Latin America, India and China
- Imported cosmetics like Kohl, Kajal, Surma and Sindoor from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Middle Eastern and African countries
- Imported costume jewelry and toys that are made in other countries and often sold in dollar and discount stores.
How do I know if my child has been exposed to lead?
You can find out if your child has been exposed to lead by having a simple blood test done by your child's medical provider.
- All children in New York State MUST have a lead test at ages one and two
- You can check with your child's medical provider to see if your child has been tested for lead
- If you think your child may have been exposed to lead, contact your child's medical provider and request a lead test
- Pregnant women should also be tested for lead exposure by their prenatal health care provider because lead exposure can cause a miscarriage or low birth weight
How can I reduce my child's risk of lead exposure?
Lead poisoning is 100% preventable. You can reduce the risk of your child becoming exposed by?
- Keeping your home clean and dust free by picking up any paint chips you see and by wet mopping
- Washing your child's hands frequently, especially before meals and snacks
- Feeding your child foods that are high in calcium and iron such as leafy green vegetables, cheese, yogurt, and poultry or fish
- Running the cold water 1-3 minutes in the morning before using it if you have holder plumbing
- Only using cold water for cooking, making baby formula and mixing drinks